What jobs can AI replace right now?
A sampling of some consumer-facing apps, and AI platforms being offered to small and medium sized businesses, gives an indication of how fast AI is taking over, cementing The Trends Journal’s 2023 Top Trend, AI: We Own You.
It’s important to note that in many cases, implementing AI doesn’t necessarily directly replace a given worker in a direct one-for-one, or one-for-many swap.
Rather, AI is being used by businesses as a force multiplier, to make staff more productive, and thus requiring less additional hiring, for example. AI doesn’t require health benefits, can work 24/7, doesn’t take vacations or get sick (apart from technical issues creating service downtime, etc.).
Individual entrepreneurs and creatives might choose to enlist AI voice actors instead of human voice talent for videos or audiobooks. Graphic artists are finding it harder to compete with increasingly sophisticated AI image generators.
And ad copy, blog content and even plausible news articles are being written via AI platforms like ChatGPT, or aiding professional human writers.
With that said, here are some examples of AI solutions that exist right now, in different sectors and occupation areas.
AI Graphic Art and Photos
Dall-E by OpenAI is one of the most sophisticated AI image generators.
At this point, there are a growing number out there, although some of them are built off OpenAI and stability.ai engines. Some other generators include:
- https://beta.dreamstudio.ai/dream from https://stability.ai
Shutterstock, a major platform for photographers and graphic artists to license their works, has incorporated an AI imager into its service.
Many graphic artists are worried that AI imaging is already impacting their livelihoods. Some have already filed lawsuits against the companies who scraped millions of images, including much copyrighted content, to train their AI imaging systems. (See “ARTISTS SUE TO STOP AI COMPANY FROM PROFITING OFF HUMAN-CREATED WORKS,” 14 Feb 2023.)
Industry outlet Lessonsindesign.com painted a somewhat brighter picture this past October, though it acknowledged it was likely only a matter of time before certain deficiencies in the current iterations of imaging AI programs improved.
An article titled “Dall-E For Graphic Design – Will It Help Us or Do Our Job?” noted:
“From what I’ve seen, for graphic designers anyway, there doesn’t seem to be too much cause for concern quite yet. Dall-E creates illustrations in a variety of styles, but it cannot create a logo or layout, and as of right now, doesn’t seem to be great at handling any type of text. Could this change in the future? Absolutely.”
Digital Animators and Digital Video Creation Apps
According to a new report by MarketsandMarkets, the global Text-to-video AI Market size is projected to grow from USD 0.1 billion in 2022 to USD 0.9 billion by 2027, which represents a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 37.1% during the forecast period.
Multiple companies are investing in developing products.
A few that are available right now?
Wochit, which describes itself as “a leader in the SaaS video creation space,” has launched a new generative video creation tool, that can take a language prompt and create not just an image, but a video.
The Wochit Wizard (available at www.wochit.ai ) can “take in the prompt and put together a script, scenes, footage, graphics, music, and effects, outputting a video that can either be downloaded as is or further edited and tweaked using Wochit’s Frame online video editor.”
Founder and CEO Dror Ginzberg said about the video creator:
“The generative AI revolution and the potential it brings to video creation has been at the core of our recent R&D efforts. We see the great opportunity and have been hard at work experimenting with ways in which we can incorporate and leverage this technology to make our products even better for our customers.”
Radical Motion has an advanced real-time 3D human virtualization platform designed for advanced animators who are working with higher end animation software.
Radical Motion uses AI technology to track movements recorded in videos of humans, and translate it to industry standard files that encapsulate all the movements in the video, so that those movements can be transferred to animation characters.
The company notes their software works “for everyone, everywhere.
No suits. No hardware.”
AI Virtual Actors and Voices
AI actors that can act as presenters in videos, are available via companies like https://www.colossyan.com/ . The Trends Journal previously tried out the software, and a short example of what we found can be seen here.
Synthesia is another leading company for AI actors and avatars. Their marketing advertises, “Say goodbye to expensive traditional video creation. AI video creation is a time and cost-efficient alternative to the complex and costly traditional video creation processes.”
The company also has “digital twins” of professional human actors that can be enlisted as brand sponsors, etc. Synthesia boasts that their platform is currently used by over 40 thousand market teams and clients.
Increasingly realistic AI voice-over actors, with settings to adjust emotions, etc., are available via companies like Revoicer (https://revoicer.com/).
Revoicer can be used to to quickly create audiobook versions of written works, and even used to voice different actors in creative scripts, or in animated videos, and for video voice-overs.
Stock Music Video Clips
In late January 2023 Google debuted a preview of “MusicLM,” its AI engine that generates music based on text prompts.
Their web page announcing MusicLM lists examples of prompts and the music that the AI created in response.
An example prompt “Meditative song, calming and soothing, with flutes and guitars. The music is slow, with a focus on creating a sense of peace and tranquility,” created a convincing piece of music.
The AI was trained on massive datasets of music audio, as the researchers detailed in their paper on the project. Much of that music was presumably copyrighted works.
Though AI-created music is not new, Google’s system encompasses multiple innovations, along with advanced neural net and deep learning technologies.
One of the chief obstacles with audio, compared to deep learning from video images, was a comparative lack of concise descriptions of audio content.
Project engineers came up with a way of allowing the deep learning AI to train on audio datasets without having to pair audio examples with text descriptions first.
Audio examples described by music experts were then provided to the AI in a process that allowed it to match similarities with audio datasets it had already digested.
MusicLM may soon spell competition in the area of stock music clips from sites like StoryBlocks, and with human composers who sell their clips on sites like melodyloops.com, premiumbeat and elsewhere.
Radio Broadcasting and Announcing
A company called Futuri has launched RadioGPT, which it says is the world’s first AI-driven localized radio content solution.
Their technology combines several AI driven components to create locally tailored content in the voice of “AI radio hosts.”
“Live, local, and powered by AI, RadioGPT™ marries GPT-3 technology with Futuri’s TopicPulse content discovery AI and voices generated by artificial intelligence to create the world’s first 100% AI-driven radio hosts. RadioGPT™ uses TopicPulse technology, which scans Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and 250k+ other sources of news and information, to identify which topics are trending in a local market. Then, using GPT-3 technology, RadioGPT™ creates a script for on-air use, and AI voices turn that script into compelling audio.”
AI Blog and Ad Writing
ChatGPT by OpenAI, with its public preview release in November 2022, quickly moved to the front of the line as a sophisticated, conversational AI written content generator.
ChatGPT is being used to answer questions, write articles and blog content, and even creative stories.
Some other written content generators and editors include:
- https://ai-writer.com/ an ai writer with citations
- https://sassbook.com/signin ; currently allows writing a wide range of creative content
- https://www.dreampress.ai/ ; currently allows writing a wide range of creative content
AI Legal Apps
AI may not be ready to argue a case in front of the U.S. Supreme Court.
But, as The Trends Journal has noted, ChatGPT did pass the bar exam.
And companies are looking to leverage the comprehensive knowledge power of AI to fulfill functions of human attorneys and legal experts.
Think of it as software like LegalZoom on AI steroids.
One start-up, DigitalWill, has just launched a platform that provides AI-powered assistance for end-of-life planning.
The platform goes beyond physical possessions, helping users capture all aspects of their digital presence, including their final wishes, personal messages, important documents, and online account access, all of which are securely stored and only accessible by chosen executors and beneficiaries after the user’s death.
The company says regarding its Late February product release:
“AI based smart technology ensures your final wishes are carried out…
DigitalWill’s patented smart technology will assist users in writing and publishing their obituary and planning their funeral to ensure that their final wishes are carried out according to their preferences. The DigitalWill app has already been downloaded over 10,000 times in 37 countries in the past 7 days.”
AI is also making its debut in court. As The Trends Journal previously reported, Robot Lawyer is an app designed to dispense AI-generated advice to clients in real-time, as they go through traffic court proceedings. (See “TOP TREND 2023, AI: WE OWN YOU—CAN A ROBOT LAWYER GET YOU OFF THE HOOK IN TRAFFIC COURT?”)
The company behind the app is putting it to the test, assisting several cases where defendants are allowed to wear an earpiece.
The app is designed to be able to listen to proceedings, and advise clients on what to say, in order to defend themselves.
Credit Underwriting for Banks and Credit Unions
Zest AI, which already serves large lending institutions with AI powered credit underwriting automation, is now expanding to smaller banks and credit unions.
The company noted in a press release:
As Zest AI expands the same best-in-class underwriting capabilities to smaller, local credit unions and their communities, their focus on prioritizing efficient product onboarding remains top of mind. This includes Zest AI’s product configuration requiring no IT involvement, bringing fast time to value for improved underwriting, and comes with quick start tools that result in over a 60 percent increase in efficiency.
“We are excited to have found an innovative partnership with Zest AI that will bring intelligence, efficiency, and assistance in streamlining our underwriting platform. This will allow us to continue helping our members in making the best financial decisions for them and their families for years to come,” said Darla Kolbas, Manager of Lending Operations at Peninsula Credit Union.
Customer AI Assistance and Tech Support
Computer-Voice Routing of support calls has been ubiquitous (and often annoying) for many years now.
But that human point person that handles issues at different branching endpoints of those automated systems are increasingly facing replacement by conversational AI that can answer questions, take information, schedule appointments, further a support ticket and more.
According to management consulting firm Gartner, the market size for conversational AI already comprises 3.8 billion globally, and is projected to grow at 55 percent annually over the next few years.
PolyAI, a leading AI assistance provider for companies, says about their service:
Our enterprise clients deploy PolyAI voice assistants to cut down on wait times and free up live staff to focus on calls requiring empathy and judgment. As a result, our enterprise clients see improved customer satisfaction, employee retention and operational efficiency.
Educational Tutoring and AI Assistants
Gamified learning is a hot area of education tools. Educational software games are nothing new. But interactive, human mimicking abilities of AI are bringing it to a new level.
This past week, UKnightedXP took part in several panels at Pensacon, an annual tech convention in Pensacola Florida, detailing how AI is transforming education.
The company highlighted how gaming has served as an important catalyst to human connection and social impact.
The Trends Journal previously noted how companies like RIID are marketing AI tutoring platforms. (See “TOP TREND 2023, AI WILL OWN YOU: NYT PUSHES FOR AI TEACHERS.”)
Medical Screening / Medical Technician
Sophisticated AI is being deployed almost daily in new healthcare industry applications.
One example is ConcertAI’s TeraRecon Eureka Clinical AI SaaS platform, which uses deep learning AI to “fully automate a complete echocardiography or heart ultrasound report.”
According to the company:
“Us2.ai’s technology is a patented, automated clinical workflow solution that recognizes and analyzes 2D and Doppler echo images for comprehensive cardiac measurements needed for the diagnosis, prediction and prognosis of heart disease and pulmonary hypertension. Us2.ai produces complete echo reports in less than 2 minutes…”
AI powered diagnostic apps on smartphones are another growing area.
For example, Remidio has created an app that can help in detecting DR, a complication of diabetes that can cause vision loss and even blindness.
The company’s Medios AI smart phone app has received use certification from Singapore’s Health Sciences Authority (HSA)
Meanwhile, in New Jersey, AtlantiCare has become the first healthcare system in the northeast to use Optellum’s Virtual Nodule Clinic.
The AI based technology can detect early lung cancer, when the malady is most treatable.
Optellum says about its technology:
Optellum is the leader in AI-enabled lung cancer diagnosis, and the first and only medtech company to attain FDA clearance, CE-MDR in the EU, and UKCA in the UK for its software platform Virtual Nodule Clinic. This first-of-a-kind platform can help physicians identify and track at-risk patients so that they can biopsy concerning lesions early and start treatments sooner to improve the outcome of patients’ care.
A press release on the adoption of the Optellum Virtual Nodule Clinic by AtlantiCare’s Lung Nodule Clinic said it would advance “identifying and systematically following up on patients with incidentally detected lung nodules.”
AI Robotic Workers
Hospital and Home care AI powered human-like robots are something that AI pioneer Ben Goretzel has pointed to as one of the most useful AI endeavors.
There are already robots serving assistant roles in clinical situations.
Aeolus Robots has built aeo, which is currently working in hospital and healthcare facilities. The Japanese company says aeo is “the most capable service robot working today: day after day, night after night, taking a load off the hardworking people it serves, meet aeo.”
Aeo can deliver meals and other items to patients, autonomous travel throughout a facility, alert human responders when it senses a patient requires help, and act as a robot security guard.
The Aolus robot is not particularly human-looking, but other companies are engaged in producing human-resembling AI powered robots which can offer emotional companionship and social interaction for elderly clients, as well as performing basic household tasks and providing personal assistance.
Robots of all kinds are common on factory floors and in warehouses, and that trend is only set to grow in the coming years.
Companies like Boston Dynamics continue to offer some of the most freakishly cutting-edge examples of what AI and robotics can already do.
On The Horizon
Though there are many areas where AI is not yet posing real-world competition, to human workers and professionals, there are few areas where AI isn’t at least on the drawing board.
AI officiating for professional sports leagues is just one example where research is currently underway.
Research firm Info-Tech,recently issued a blueprint highlighting how machine learning and artificial intelligence could work together in “transforming the process of officiating in sports.”
Elizabeth Silva, Research Analyst, Sports Entertainment Industry at Info-Tech, said:
“AI and ML are both effective changes for the future; they will have an influential impact on digital transformation and innovation within many industries, including sports entertainment.”
We’re All Engineers Now
One broad sector set for growth in Human workers, depending on skill sets and education is…you guessed it, engineering.
Technocratic workers are the (human) backbone of what’s being variously called the “Fourth Industrial Revolution,” and “industry 4.0.”
Autodesk, a leader in providing software and systems in engineering specialties, as well as sophisticated animation software for the entertainment industry, has forecast strong growth in demand for a highly skilled engineering workforce.
They cautioned that currently, many educational institutions are not up to speed on training engineers in the latest skills.
In response, they’ve launched an initiative called Fusion 360 workshop, which provides tools and projects for educators looking to train students in up-to-date skill sets.
Workshop modules are being offered by Autodesk for Mechanical Engineer training, Manufacturing Engineers and CNC Machinists, at no cost to educators.